The names of many places in the Czech lands (Bohemia, Moravia, Austrian Silesia) have evolved during their history. The article concerns primarily the towns and villages, but bilingual names for mountains, rivers etc. are also listed when they are known. Places are sorted alphabetically according to their German names. When one place has several names, an attempt is made to have only one line with a blue link; “see” then refers to the German name where the place is fully identified.
This list was first imported from the German Wikipedia in 2006; some German notes remain. Since 2012, hundreds of new entries have been added, based on a comparison with the official list of the royal Austrian post offices which were in operation in 1900 (or which closed earlier), each with the corresponding District code: 91 for those in Bohemia (B,xy), 34 for Moravia (M,xy), 8 for Austrian Silesia (S,x).In 1900, the largest number of post-offices in Cisleithania was in Bohemia: 1434; 656 were in Moravia and 188 in Austrian Silesia. In 2010, the number of municipalities (obcí) in the Czech Republic was 6250.
There are also links to subpages with listings of the German-language names of towns and villages in the 14 regions of the Czech Republic, sorted by the Czech name.
Many of the German names are now exonyms, but used to be endonyms commonly used by the local German population, who had been invited into the less-populated regions as colonists by Bohemian and Moravian nobles in the Middle Ages and who had lived in many of these places until shortly after World War II.
A further illustration of this complex matter can be seen in the Gallery Postmarks of the Czech lands and in the map German speaking regions in Austria before 1918.